About Ladakh

Feel the paradise


The best time to visit Ladakh is from June until September, the region’s summer season. At this time, Ladakh is an unmatched heaven, with patent, stunning views and warm and sunny weather – the average temperature range during the day is about 20–30°C. Keen trekkers naturally head to Ladakh during July and August, when the Manali-Leh and Srinagar-Leh highways are open to vehicles. That said, Ladakh is a land bound by two of the world’s highest mountain ranges – the Himalayas and Karakoram – anyone visiting Ladakh, even in the middle of summer, should be prepared for the sharp drop in temperatures at night.

Ladakh is famous for its distant mountain beauty and culture. It spans the Great Himalayan and Karakoram mountain ranges and the upper Indus River Valley. Ladakh is bordered by two of the world’s uppermost elevation ranges like the Karakoram in the north and the great Himalayas in the south. The Pakistan occupied Kashmir lies in the west and China in the north and Eastern part and Lahul Spiti of Himachal Pradesh in the South east of the district. Ladakh’s racial composition consisted of Mongoloid and a mixed Indo-Aryan population of Mons and Dards. It is now and then called little Tibet due to strong cultural and geographical similarities with Tibet. The approach to Ladakh is always marked with many long walls running 2-3 kms, adorned with engraved stones bearing the mantra “Om Mani Padme Hun” and Chortens which symbolizes Buddha’s mind. Through 1962 war among China and India and the part of the Leh was taken by China.

Ladakh is known as the land of abundant passes, supernatural lamas and shattered moonland. Ladakh is a high elevation desert as the Himalayas make a rain shadow thus segregation the entry of monsoon clouds. The main source of water here remnants the winter snowfall on the mountains that forms glaciers. The rest of the parts of the country where people request for rain, here ladakhi’s implore for the glaciers or the snows to melt for irrigation and drinking determinations. The district of Skardo and a part of Kargil became the terrain of Pakistan occupied Kashmir (Pak) and Ladakh remained with Jammu and Kashmir. There are also some spiritual places of Muslims which establish somewhat more than 15% of the district’s population. The most gorgeous structures of the landscape of Leh are the Buddhists Gonpas known as Monasteries. The main source of water here relics the winter snowfall on the mountains that forms snow. The district is bordered Pakistan engaged by Kashmir in the west, and China in the north, Eastern part and Lahul spiti of Himachal Pradesh in the south east. Buddhism originated from the western Ladakh through Kashmir in the 2nd century. The majority of the religion in Leh is Buddhism. Ladakh is a region unsurpassed beauty of nature and is also called as land of mountain passes with a part of shattered moon land. Ladakh is famous for its well-known beauty of mountains and its culture. Ladakh is surrounded by Pakistan and in the west is the Kashmir. China is in the north and in the Eastern part of Himachal Pradesh in the south east. Approximately 60-65 million years ago the layer of Ladakh range and the Himalayas is an amazing miracle between the Indian and the Eurasian landmasses.

Ladakh is a county of India and Ladakh state is Jammu and Kashmir that lies connecting the Kunlun mountain range in the north and the core Great Himalayas to the south, inhabited by people of Indo-Aryan and Tibetan descent. It is one of the most lightly populated regions in Jammu and Kashmir.


The latest statistics on Ladakh show Ladakh population at around 2.80 lakh

Ladakhi is the major Ladakh language, India. It is also very alike to Balti; another language spoken in Kargil and Gilgit Baltistan. The two languages are intelligable.


The total Ladakh area of 45110sq km makes Ladakh the largest district in India.

In the year 1947, during the partition Ladakh became a part of Jammu and Kashmir state in India to administer from Srinagar. In the year 1948, Pakistani invaders captured Ladakh and occupied Zanskar and Kargil, going far to 30km of Leh. Reinforcement help was sent by air and a group of Gurkhas covered south by foot on land. The Kargil was always a sight of hostility in 1965, 1971 and in 1999.

However Ladakhis continued to face difficulties in the new political set-up in  history of Ladakh.  In the wake of discriminatory rule, a Buddhist delegation set of for New Delhi to seek ‘Central Administration’ for Ladakh separating it from the J & K State. Ladakhi Buddhists launched the unprecedented protest and agitation in July 1989 demanding the Union Territory status for Ladakh in the form of Ladakh Autonomous Hill Development Council (LAHDC).

With an objective of getting ultimate separation from the J & K State and attaining Union territory (UT) status to Ladakh, Ladakh Union Territory Front (LUTF) – a joint group of all the local political parties was formed in the year 2002. But soon in 2004 LUTF witnessed a severe factionalism and the latest political development is the formation of two major political parties – Congress and LUTF besides other parties like National Conference, PDP and few independents.

The Ladakh weather remains chilly for nearly all part of the year and the best time to visit is from June to September.

Ladakh in Winter

Ladakh in Winter (October to May) are very cold frost bites and snowfall are common incidence, making it a very unfriendly weather for visiting the place. During this season, the mercury level comes down to very well under 0°C like -28°C and the whole area is covered with snow.

Ladakh in Summer

Ladakh in Summer (June to September) is the best time to visit as it is the only season when the passes are open. The ladakh temperature is cool and can go up to 33°C. Summers are the model time to go to Leh as the skies are clear and offers panoramic views of the mountains. The normal day 

Ladakh temperature

 ranges from 20° to 30°C.

Monsoon is not restricted to any particular season as irregular rainfall may occur at any time.

Ladakh is open for tourists only during the months from June to September as through the rest of year, the passes remains covered with snow and travelling is not achievable.

Ladakh is a land like no other, as its Historical locale, Art, Rich Culture, Colorful people reflects. Ladakh has been a vital trade route connecting the Mediterranean to China. Traders came from Tibet in the east, Kullu in the south, Muslims from Balti valley in west and caravans from Central Asia in the north.
Ladakh has been to develop and inherit a rich culture, which survives even today as a living heritage to the western Himalayas. This heritage finds appearance in the regions monuments, monasteries, art and oral literature, fairs and festivals and in the time pleased tradition of collective celebrations of various events. Among the many social and cultural events of LADAKH, the annual festival held in monasteries make up the most vital part of the regions living heritage. The colorful Gompas are one of the main source of attraction for the tourist visiting ladakh. Festivals provide the people a chance for socializing, trading and general entertainment.

The people of the Ladakh region of Jammu and Kashmir have Turanian (Central Asian) features. People of this region have a cheerful nature and are peace-loving. 45% of this area are Buddhist by faith and the rest are Muslims.
The Ladakhi people customarily live a nomadic wandering rustic life and are genuine, honest and straightforward. Round about 90% people in Ladakh are dependent on the agriculture support on the Indus River for their living and trade. The most important agricultural item for consumptions is Buck wheat, Peas, barley, beans, wheat and rapeseed. Apricots and Apples are also grown in warmer sections of low altitude areas. The Ladakh is recognized for its rich culture

Shanti Stupa, Tsomoriri Lake Ladakh, Leh Palace, Magnetic Hill Ladakh, Pangong Lake Ladakh, Thiksey Monastery Ladakh, Shey Palace Ladakh, Suru Valley Ladakh, Nubra Valley Ladakh are some of the places to visit Ladakh

There are a lot of Ladakh cities. The following are the Ladakh cities :-
• Leh – Leh, was the capital of the Himalayan kingdom of Ladakh, now the Leh District in the Indian State of Jammu and Kashmir, with an area of 45,110 km2, is the second largest district in the country, after Kutch, Gujarat (in terms of area).
• Kargil – Kargil is at an elevation of 10,000 feet. It has the strong suru river flowing through it once a Buddhist area, this shia Muslim subjugated district was converted to islam in 15th century
 Turtuk – The name turtuk is an Turkish word which was exposed by two Turkish namely “chuli and Yangdrung” who wandered and came to this place and settled here
• Choglamsar – The beauty of Ladakh with snow capped peaks and clean blue sky have attracted the intrepid traveler since the region was opened to tourists in the 1970s. Since then, Ladakh has become a favorite haunt for trekking and mountaineering enthusiasts

Information about Ladakh

About Ladakh, it is the region of mountain passes, an ideal place to see the supreme beauty of nature. Ladakh lies between 32 to 36 degree north latitude and 75 to 80 degree east longitude. It is the highest flat terrain of the Indian state of Kashmir with many of it being over 3,000m about Ladakh. The total area of 45110sq km makes Ladakh the biggest district in India. Ladakh region is divided in Kargil and Leh districts. Kargil lies at an height of 2750m and Leh at 3505m. The largest town in Ladakh is Leh. The altitude differs between 5000 to 14000 feet above the sea level. Leh is the capital of Ladakh.

Ladakh Region


To suit every budget Leh hotels has provided higher and lower class accommodations with many guest houses and hotels for customer convenience. Many restaurants offer a unique variety of dishes for reasonable prices. In case of any difficulty Operators/Travel agents are always present to help you out with tour guides, taxi services and also variety of tour packages to offer. Buddhist monasteries are the must visit places in and around leh. Tours to these monasteries can be organized in one or two days, as all the famous monasteries are within a drive of one or two days from Leh. Within a drive of one or two days from Leh.


The kargil town is 220 km from leh. It is about halfway to Srinagar from leh. This shia populated town remained a transportation point of trade caravans from Tibet, Central Asia, yarkand enroute Kashmir until 1949. Since ladakh was open to tourist in 1974, the kargil town became a night-halt place for tourists traveling between Srinagar-leh, Zanskar. Kargil, at an elevation of 10,000 feet, has the strong suru river flowing through it once a Buddhist area, this shia Muslim subjugated district was converted to islam in 15th century. Buddhist monasteries are the must visit places in and around leh.

Nubra Valley

The original name used for Nubra Valley is Ldumra meaning the 'valley of flowers' It is situated in the north of Ladakh region. The average altitude of the valley is about 10,000 mtrs above sea level. The main settlements are along the shayok River and the siachen river. The river belt is sandy and the vegetation includes green Farmarisk and Myricaria. One of the unique features of the landscapes in Nubra is the sand dunes between Deskit (administrative center) Hundar villages.

Dha Hanu

Dha Hanu is situated to the south-west of leh around 163 kms passing through the beautiful villages of khaltesey, domkhar and Achinathang. There are many small villages in the valley but only two villages of dha and bema are opened to tourists. Bearing on lower altitude, dha hanu is warmer than leh which makes it possible to grow crops and variety of fruits i.e. apricot, apples, walnut and grapes. The drogpa community is considered as the last race of Aryans confined to this valley. Their features are pure indo-Aryan and they appear to have preserved their racial purity down the centuries.


Ladakh's portion of the Great Tibetan plateau, known as the changthang, is inhabited by changpa nomads, the traditional producers of the finest quality pashmina wool used by kashmiri weavers for their famous and expensive pashmina shawls. The scenic beauty including lakes and the vast wilderness of changthang and its rich wildlife makes it one of the most the sought after tourist destination. However, the fragile ecology of region which has already suffered considerable damage since it was opened to tourism, calls for taking extra care while traveling.


Zanskar valley lies to the south-west of leh, surrounded by the Himalayan and zanskar ranges, which is the most isolated of all the trans-himalayan valley. It takes two days, with a nigh halt at kargil, to reach Zanskar negotiating the rough road beginning from kargil. Zanskar comprise two main valleys of stod (Doda chu) and lungnak (Tsarab chu)(, which converge below at padum. The valley has an area of about 5,000 square km and an elevation of 13,154 ft. the area remains inaccessible for nearly 7 months in the year. All the high passes gets closed in winters.

Other Important Places in Ladakh


Alchi is a village and monastery in the Leh district of Ladakh region of Jammu and Kashmir, situated on the bank of Indus River 70 km downstream from the capital in Leh. Unlike the other Gompas in Ladakh, Alchi is situated on lowland, not on a hilltop. The village is famous for the existence of one of the oldest monasteries in Ladakh Alchi Monastery, mainly known for its magnificent, and well-preserved 11th- or 12th-century wall paintings, all in an Indo-Himalayan style. Alchi is a small village with several tourist homestays, most offering modern conveniences for overnight stays, the best time to visit is from June to September.

Tso Moriri

Tsomoriri Lake Also known as Moriri Lake, Tsomoriri Lake is positioned at an elevation of 15,075 feet and the largest lake in the Ladakh region. It has been declared as a Wetland of International Importance under the Ramsar Convention in 2003. It is fed by two streams and springs. 7 kilometers wide and 19 kilometers long, this stunning blue lake plays host to a huge number of flora and fauna. Adjacent to this lake is a picturesque village known as Korzok, which is a popular tourist attraction due to its Buddhist monastery. This lake plays host to as many as 34 species of birds.


Pangong Tso is one of the largest brackish lakes in Asia. Stretching from eastern Ladakh to Tibet, it is a 134 kilometer long narrow strip of water where tourist needs an Inner Line Permit to visit. It is nestled at an elevation of 14,256 feet above sea level and freezes completely during the winters. Currently, it is in the process of being identified as an internationally acclaimed wetland under the Ramsar Convention. The saltwater of this lake has very sparse vegetation and is bereft of any aquatic life except for small crustaceans. However, this lake is a haven for bird watchers as it acts as an important breeding point for several migratory birds such as Brahmini ducks and Bar-headed goose.


Padum has a small monastery and there are numerous rock engraved Buddhist images dating from 10th century. Monument in padum has a set of prehistoric rock statue near the riverbank. There are 30 monks hangs to a tree covered ridge beyond the town. Padum is the sub-tehsil of Zangskar which is 464000 meters from Leh and 234000 meters from Kargil. The Mosque is being constructed in the city for muslims community.


Sarchu region is also well-known as Sir Bhum Chun. Sarchu is on the border between Himachal Pradesh and Jammu and Kashmir States in India. It is a main halt point with tented accommodation in the Himalayas on the Leh-Manali Highway. It is positioned between Baralacha La to the south and Lachulung La to the north, at an elevation of 4,290 m.